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Components of modern irrigation systems

Irrigation methods are put in to help nurture and provide your landscaping with the water it must continue thriving all year round. Now, let us have a look at the 2 widespread modern irrigation techniques:
Sprinkler

It is amongst the most popular types of irrigation we see right now. They are inexpensive and really straightforward to use. Sprinklers are hooked up to sections of hose pipe with connectors and water is supplied by either a water pump or water tank. They are moved across the farm to evenly water all the crops. เพรสเชอร์เกจ are ‘rained’ down in circles from sprinklers, so lots of ground can be covered. However, as water is distributed from a top to a wider space, it’s not as efficient as different forms of irrigation.
Drip Irrigation

It known as drip as this technique uses hose pipes with small holes or nozzles along it to drip feed water to the base of your vegetation. These are known as drip strains and are laid alongside the place your crops are planted. Water is often provided to the drip traces from tanks, utilizing gravity to energy the slow flow of the water. Water pumps are used to get water into the water tanks.
Drip is very efficient as water is slowly given to the bottom of your plants throughout the day, decreasing over-watering, evaporation and water loss. It additionally permits you to do other things as you presumably can go away it to irrigate.
A full irrigation system consists of:
Water Pump

Water pumps are the heart of the irrigation system. For smaller techniques, you would possibly have a single booster pump. However, most can depend on the need for a multiple irrigation pumps depending on their design. While commonplace municipal water strain is ok for operating a garden hose to a sprinkler in the midst of the lawn, irrigation techniques require the next pressure to effectively pump the water via the pipes and the sprinkler heads.
Water Meter

The water meter, as you’ll assume, measures the quantity of water used to irrigate the property. pressure gauge octa permits you to ensure the proper amount of water is applied to the totally different zones. But, the irrigation water meter can also be part of your water utility setup. Many municipalities assess a fee for water utilization and for water sewage therapy. Under regular circumstances, the amount of water used is also the quantity upon which sewage remedy charges are assessed. With irrigation techniques, the water does not flow via the total cycle and is therefore not charged the treatment fee.
Pump Controller

The most important use of the controller is to protect the pump. Pumps are a big investment and stopping damage and lengthening their life can pay dividends. If the water source is disrupted, (blocked filter, dry provide tank, broke intake valve, and so forth.) Pumps are designed to work within particular parameters, and the pump controllers establish when issues fall outdoors those parameters and sign the pump to vary, often to close down.
READ: Davis & Shirtliff calls for policy framework on groundwater abstraction

Valve Box

Valve bins present quick access to buried irrigation control valves. Irrigation control valves and backflow preventers require entry from time-to-time to carry out maintenance and testing. Valve boxes additionally present protection for these important elements of your irrigation system.
Backflow Prevention Device

A system that permits water to go through it in a single direction, however prevents it from going backwards in the other way. Most backflow preventers are used to maintain unsafe water from reversing circulate and getting into the clear water supply. Backflow preventers could be as simple as a single check valve that closes when water flow reverses.
Sensors

Sensors are available to show an irrigation system into a wise irrigation system. Rain or soil moisture sensors could be added to many systems to forestall overpowering or watering when it’s pointless.
Factors to Consider When Choosing an Irrigation System

Soil sort. The kind of soil in an space can affect not only the sort irrigation methodology used but also the irrigation run instances. Sandy soils sometimes require frequent applications of water at a high fee to keep moisture within the root zone. Tighter clay soils can hold moisture longer that sandy soils, however may require frequent functions at a lower fee to prevent runoff.
Land topography. In specific, hilly or sloping land could be a challenge. Drip irrigation works well if the laterals may be run alongside topographic traces. System run occasions might must be adjusted to prevent runoff.
Local climate patterns. For instance, sprinklers are much less fascinating in areas where high winds are widespread and in arid areas with a low humidity since water losses as a end result of evaporation can be extraordinarily excessive. Drip irrigation works nicely in each of those conditions.
Type of crops grown. Sprinkler and drip techniques can require excessive ranges of investment. For this reason, it’s better to order their use for high-value crops like greens, small fruits and orchard crops quite than making use of them to commodity crops like wheat and soybeans.
Water quality. All drip irrigation systems require some type of filtration. Overhead techniques such as sprinklers seldom require filtration. Irrigation water should be tested for water borne pathogens. Depending on the crop grown and irrigation methodology used chlorine injection may be required.
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